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t of most existing sovereign states and their merger
in some larger Pax. We have to do that if any
sijpportable human life is to go on. Treaties
alid mutual guarantees are not enough. We
fcave surely learnt enough about the value of
itreaties during the last half-century to realise
that. We have, because of the abolition of
* distance alone, to gather human affairs together
iunder one common war-preventing control.
But this abolition of distance is only one most
vivid aspect of the change in the conditions of
Ihuman life.   Interwoven with that is a general
Change of scale in human operations.   The past
hundred years has been an age of invention and
discovery beyond the achievements of the pre-
ceding three millennia.   In a book I published
eight years ago, The Work, Wealth and Happiness of
Mankind, I tried to summarise the conquest of
power and substances that is still going on. There
is more power expended in a modern city like
Birmingham in a day than we needed to keep
the whole of Elizabethan England going for a.
year ;   there is more destructive energy in a
single tank than sufficed the army of William I
tor the conquest of England.   Man is able now
to produce or destroy on a scale beyond compari-
son greater than he could before this storm of
"invention began.    And the consequence is the